The focus of this study is to see if sargassum from the Sargasso Sea carries the invasive species Vibrio cholerae, the etiologic agent of cholera, as it enters the Gulf Current Loop and passes through countries such as; Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Following the huge cholera outbreak that occurred in Haiti in 2010, there are still cases that are still being reported till this day. Our goal is to find out if sargassum is a mode of transportation for the cholera strain Vibrio cholerae.
Who We Are
What We Did
Took a field trip to the beach to collect sargassum (seaweed).
Made up an selective enrichment of Vibrio cholerae with alkaline peptone water with a pH of 8.5.
Made up an enrichment of TCBS (Thiosulphate citrate bile salts sucrose) nutrient agar.
Made up an enrichment of Lemco agar, used for promoting the growth of Vibro cholerae.
The Oxidase swab test is then performed, 2 of the isolates showed a positive reaction, indicating that Vibrio is present. (yellow colonies)
What We Learned
The importance of aseptic techniques when working in the lab.
The proper way of using the mechanical Pasteur pipettes for measuring in micro-units.
Vibrios are Gram-negative bacteria, indigenous to marine and brackish waters. V. cholerae and V. vulnificus are commonly found along the estuaries of the south-east United States. There are more than 200 serogroups of V. cholerae species that have been identified, but only serogroups O1 and O139 are toxigenic and can cause outbreaks of cholera. This is due to contaminated water and food.
V. parahaemolyticus is the predominant cause of acute gastroenteritis. Ingestion of bacteria in raw or under cooked seafood is the main route of transmission.
The main clinical symptoms of V. vulnificus are gastroenteritis, necrotizing skin infections, and also septicemia. V. Vulnificus is a deadly pathogen that is mainly found in seafood, and has the highest mortality rate.
Questions We Have
What is the minimum amount of V. cholerae a person needs to have in their system to cause harm?
How long can V. cholerae survive without being attached to a host?
What are several ways we can take care of our water systems, and the beaches to prevent V. cholerae from coming into our community?
Connections to Teaching
§112.20. Science, Grade 8
(b) Knowledge and skills.
(1) Scientific investigation and reasoning. The student, conducts laboratory and field investigations following safety procedures and environmentally appropriate and ethical practices. The student is expected to:
(A) demonstrate safe practices during laboratory and field investigations as outlined in the Texas Safety Standards; and
(B) practice appropriate use and conservation of resources, including disposal, reuse, or recycling of materials.
(4) Scientific investigation and reasoning. The student knows how to use a variety of tools and safety equipment to conduct science inquiry. The student is expected to:
(A) use appropriate tools to collect, record, and analyze information, including lab journals/notebooks, beakers, meter sticks, graduated cylinders, anemometers, psychrometers, hot plates, test tubes, spring scales, balances, microscopes, thermometers, calculators, computers, spectroscopes, timing devices, and other equipment as needed to teach the curriculum; and
(B) use preventative safety equipment, including chemical splash goggles, aprons, and gloves, and be prepared to use emergency safety equipment, including an eye/face wash, a fire blanket, and a fire extinguisher.
(11) Organisms and environments. The student knows that interdependence occurs among living systems and the environment and that human activities can affect these systems. The student is expected to:
(B) investigate how organisms and populations in an ecosystem depend on and may compete for biotic and abiotic factors such as quantity of light, water, range of temperatures, or soil composition.